Combat Units

Nahal
Nahal
Infantry
נחל
Color of Kumta: Light Green
Basic Training Base: Arad Area in the Negev.
Description: Infantry unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+
Givati
Givati
Infantry
גבעתי
Color of Kumta: Purple
Basic Training Base: Western Negev (near Egyptian border)
Description: Infantry unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+
Golani
Golani
Infantry
גולני
Color of Kumta: Brown
Basic Training Base: Binyamina Area
Description: Infantry unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+
Tzanchanim
Tzanchanim
Paratroopers
צנחנים
Color of Kumta: Red
Basic Training Base: Northern Negev
Description: Paratrooper unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+ (Gibbush Needed)
Magav
Magav
Paramilitary Police Force
מגב
Color of Kumta: Dark Green
Basic Training Base: Benjamin Region
Description: A border police unit that protects within Israel, the West Bank and Jerusalem. Deals with counterterrorism, law enforcement, and riot control. Profile: 82+
Totchanim
Totchanim
Artillery Unit
תותחנים
Color of Kumta: Turquoise
Basic Training Base: Central Negev
Description: Artillery unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Includes elite missile units and advanced drone unit. Profile: 72+
Shiryon
Shiryon
Tanks Unit
שריון
Color of Kumta: Black
Basic Training Base: Arava (Southern Negev)
Description: Armored Unit (Merkava Tanks) defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 72+
Kfir
Kfir
Infantry
כפיר
Color of Kumta: Camouflage
Basic Training Base: Northern Jordan Valley
Description: Infantry unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+
Isuf Kravi
Isuf Kravi
Combat Intelligence
איסוף קרבי
Color of Kumta: Yellow
Basic Training Base: Central Negev
Description: Field intelligence and recon unit gathering information close to and behind enemy lines. Profile: 82+
Arayot Hayarden
Arayot Hayarden
Infantry
אריות הירדן
Color of Kumta: Light Green
Basic Training Base: Binyamina Area
Description: Co-ed infantry unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+ (Gibbush for women)
Handassa Kravit
Handassa Kravit
Combat Engineering
הנדסה קרבית
Color of Kumta: Silver Grey
Basic Training Base: Arava (Southern Negev)
Description: Combat engineering unit specializing in explosives, road breaching, defense and fortifications, breaching minefields, and tunnel warfare. Profile: 82+
Karakal
Karakal
Infantry
קרקל
Color of Kumta: Light Green
Basic Training Base: Western Negev (near Egyptian border)
Description: Co-ed infantry unit defending Israel’s borders and conducting offensive operations in times of need. Profile: 82+ (Gibbush for women)
Chel Ha׳avir
Chel Ha׳avir
Air Force
חיל האוויר
Color of Kumta: Grey
Training Base: Hatzerim Airbase, Northern Negev
Description: Protecting Israel from aerial attack, conducting aerial missions and defending the borders. They offer many combat positions from Pilots, UVA Operators, Missile Defense, and Infantry.
Profile: 97 for pilots, differs for other positions
Chel HaYam
Chel HaYam
Navy
חיל הים
Color of Kumta: Navy Blue
Training Base:
Description: The navy's primary objectives are to defend and protect Israel from threats emanating from the sea, to warn of impending warfare and to achieve the goals set by the IDF during warfare. There are many positions for combat soldiers on ships.
Profile: 82
Pikkud Haoref
Pikkud Haoref
Home Front command
פיקוד העורף
Color of Kumta: Orange
Basic Training Base: Central Israel
Description: Dealing with civilians and overall safety during times of war and natural disasters. They have many duties, including search and rescue. Profile: 72+
Lechima Electronit
Lechima Electronit
Cyber Warfare
לחימה אלקטרונית
Color of Kumta: Green
Basic Training Base: Central Israel
Description: Combat soldiers in cyber warfare positions. They operate both in and out of the field. Special application must be submitted three months prior to drafting. Profile: 72+

Special Forces

One should note that the following units are some of the most elite units in the world. Their training is long and very intense, only for the best of the best. It is rare that a Lone Soldier passes all the requirments to join these units and complete training. A very high level of Hebrew is required as well.

Matkal
Matkal
Advanced Recon
מטכ״ל
Top intelligence unit in the IDF, tasked with field intelligence-gathering, deep reconnaissance, counter-terrorism and hostage rescue.
Shayetet 13
Shayetet 13
Navy Seals
שייטת 13
Top unit of the Israeli Navy. They specialize in sea-to-land incursions, counter-terrorism, sabotage, maritime intelligence-gathering, maritime hostage rescue, and vessel boarding.
Shaldag
Shaldag
Recon
שלדג‎
Shaldag's mission is to deploy undetected into combat and hostile environments to conduct special reconnaissance and establish assault zones or airfields, while simultaneously conducting air traffic control and commando actions.
Unit 669
Unit 669
Search and Rescue
669 יחידת
The IDF's primary combat rescue unit. Tasked with airborne rescue and extraction of soldiers. Provides support for the most elite units.
Maglan
Maglan
Special Ops
מגלן
An elite unit which specializes in operating behind enemy lines and deep within enemy territory using advanced technologies and weaponry.
Duvdevan
Duvdevan
Counter Terrorism
דובדבן‎
The spearhead of Israeli counter terror operations. They are particularly noted for conducting undercover operations against militants in urban areas.
Yahalom
Yahalom
Special Ops Engineering
יהל"ם
Specializes in commando and counter-terrorism missions, demolitions, defusing bombs, landmines and unexploded ordnance, maritime sabotage and obstacle breaching, and searching and destroying smuggling tunnels.
Lotar
Lotar
Counter Terrorism
לוטר
A counter-terrorism and hostage rescue unit.
Rimon
Rimon
Recon
רימון
A unit whose primary mission is to thwart terrorist activities in the south of Israel, both in urban Gazan settings and in the open desert. The unit's primary mission is to thwart all terrorist activities in the region.
Egoz
Egoz
Recon
אגוז
An elite unit which specializes in both guerrilla and anti-guerrilla warfare, and more advanced ground-forces activity.
Oketz
Oketz
K-9 Unit
עוקץ
This elite unit which operates throughout the country and with other IDF units. Combat soldiers are paired with specially trained dogs, used to find terrorists, drugs, and explosives.
Palzar 7
Palzar 7
Recon
פלס״ר 7
An elite recon and anti-terror unit for the Armored Corps.
Gadsar Golani
Gadsar Golani
Specialized Combat
גדס״ר גולני
Each Gadsar is made up of three specialized Plugot (companies): Demolitions and combat engineering (Plugat Habalah Handasit, or Palhan), Recon and anti-terror (Plugat Siyur, Palsar) and Anti-Tank (Pluga Neged Tankim, or Palnat).
Gadsar Nahal
Gadsar Nahal
Specialized Combat
גדס״ר נחל
Each Gadsar is made up of three specialized Plugot (companies): Demolitions and combat engineering (Plugat Habalah Handasit, or Palhan), Recon and anti-terror (Plugat Siyur, Palsar) and Anti-Tank (Pluga Neged Tankim, or Palnat).
Gadsar Tzanchanim
Gadsar Tzanchanim
Specialized Combat
גדס״ר צנחנים
Each Gadsar is made up of three specialized Plugot (companies): Demolitions and combat engineering (Plugat Habalah Handasit, or Palhan), Recon and anti-terror (Plugat Siyur, Palsar) and Anti-Tank (Pluga Neged Tankim, or Palnat).
Gadsar Givati
Gadsar Givati
Specialized Combat
גדס״ר גבעתי
Each Gadsar is made up of three specialized Plugot (companies): Demolitions and combat engineering (Plugat Habalah Handasit, or Palhan), Recon and anti-terror (Plugat Siyur, Palsar) and Anti-Tank (Pluga Neged Tankim, or Palnat).

Non-Combat units

Agaf Hamodiin
Agaf Hamodiin
Intelligence
אגף המודעים
A unit responsible for collecting, disseminating, and publishing intelligence information for the IDF. The corps also engages in counter-intelligence and information security work, and presents general assessments.
Dover Tzahal
Dover Tzahal
Media Relations
דובר צהל
The IDF unit that handles media relations and information policy. They work with domestic and foreign press, managing public relations, disseminating information, publishing social media, and speaking on behalf of the IDF.
Chel Hachimush
Chel Hachimush
Technical Engineering
חיל החימוש
Deals with engineering, repair and ordinates for combat units. They help with maintaining, testing and constructing weapons within the IDF. They have many maintenance bases and are also spread throughout combat units.
Chel Hachinuch
Chel Hachinuch
Education Corps
חיל החינוך
This corps of education soldiers is unique to the IDF, the first of its kind in the world. They are responsible for many different areas of education in and outside of the IDF. They run many courses in the IDF, including the Hebrew course for Olim.
Chel Hatikshuv
Chel Hatikshuv
Communications
חיל התיקשוב
This is the communications unit of the IDF, mostly involved in the training of communications soldiers that will later be placed in combat units.
Chel Harefuah
Chel Harefuah
Medical Corps
חיל הרפואה
The IDF medical corps operate many medical clinics around the country and on every base. They are also responsible for training combat medics in every unit.
Chel Hashilishut
Chel Hashilishut
Human Resources
חיל השלישות
The human relations unit of the IDF. They deal with all aspects of soldiers' information, well being, salary, and placement.
Chel Halogistica
Chel Halogistica
Logistical Corps
חיל הלוגיסטיקה
A combat assistance corps dedicated to supplying goods, food, equipment and technology to units throughout the country. They also train and manage all transportation within the IDF.
COGAT
COGAT
Territorial Affairs
קוגט
Coordinator of Government Affairs in the Territories. They provide communication with people in Yehuda, Shomron, and Gaza. Involved in humanitarian aid and communication with the Palestinian Authority.
Rabbanut Hatzvait
Rabbanut Hatzvait
Military Rabbinate
הרבנות הצבאית
The Military Rabbinate deals with shabbat, kashrut and burial for soldiers in the IDF. They also provide Rabbis on bases and manage all religious affairs within the military.
Keshri Chutz
Keshri Chutz
Foreign Relations
קשרי חוץ
The IDF Liaison Unit maintains contact between the IDF, UN and other foreign forces operating under various security arrangements in the region.
HaMishtara HaTzva'it
HaMishtara HaTzva'it
Military Police
המשטרה הצבאית
It is responsible for various law enforcement duties, including aiding IDF commanders in enforcing discipline, guarding the military prisons, locating deserters, investigating crimes committed by soldiers, and helping man the Israeli checkpoints in the Palestinian territories.

Mahal Service

The following programs enable young Jews from all over the world to volunteer for the IDF (Israel Defense Forces) and become regular Israeli soldiers. The programs aim to contribute to Israel’s defense and to provide knowledgeable and enthusiastic young leaders for Jewish communities.

*There is a new requirement for all machal soldiers to complete a 6 – week pre-army course. There are a few options of courses, at good option is Garin Mahal.

The Regular Mahal program is for men younger than 24 and women younger than 21. Eligible are non-Israeli Jews, descendants of a Jewish grandparent. The program consists of 18 months of IDF service of which you will be a full IDF soldier.

Netzah Yehuda was designed for the Haradim (Black Hat Community). The unit offers Glatt Kosher food, allocated time for learning. Shabbat observance is mandatory to enlist in the unit. There currently is no ulpan given to those with poor Hebrew. Soldiers learn Hebrew while training. For more info you can see the official site of Netzah Yehuda – http://www.nahalharedi.org

The Mahal Hesder program is for non-Israeli religious (dati) Jewish men younger than 24. The program consists of 6 1/2 months of studies in a Yeshivat Hesder (IDF Rabbinical College) followed by at least 14 1/2 months of IDF service, in total 21 months.

*Machal soldiers are not eligible to join elite units or become officers.

Overseas Israelis and their Children:

The duration of service will be the same as for the regular Machal program, if the candidate states that they plan to return abroad upon completion of army service. If the candidate decides to stay in Israel when they complete their service (by declaring their citizenship & filling out a residency form), they will have to complete additional service, depending on their age when they first arrived in Israel and their family status on the day they were declared a resident of Israel.

Garin Tzabar

This is an affiliate program of Israel Scouts which provides a framework for lone soldiers, coming outside of Israel, to join and serve in the IDF. The program begins in your home country with three seminars. In these seminars, you will learn about the IDF and process to see if this is what you want to do. You also get to meet the people that you will potentially live and serve with when you move to Israel.

You then will then make Aliyah on your own and meet up with your garin on a kibbutz in Israel. In the next three months you will prepare for you draft and service. The kibbutz will be your home during your service and Garin Tzabar will provide you with an excellent support system and a host family. There is also a staff of former soldiers that will prep you for service and help you with the draft process.

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